Why is it important to provide school services to students with medical needs that are hospitalized or homebound?
School is where children between the ages of 5-18 spend the majority of their day. School is a normalizing experience that helps students maintain a healthy emotional state. Continuing with their education provides a sense of hope and allows the student to focus on something other than their illness or injury.
How are students with medical needs educated?
Students with medical needs are taught in the same manner as other students unless they have accommodations and/or modifications that are outlined in an individualized education plan (IEP) or 504-plan. If the student is hospitalized or receiving homebound instruction, the assigned teacher collects material from the patient’s classroom teacher(s) and provides instruction using the same curriculum as their peers.
What setting are students with medical needs educated in?
Students with medical needs can be educated in the general education setting, a hospital setting, rehabilitation center or at home. Hospitals or school districts may hire hospital/homebound teachers to educate these students if they are hospitalized or need to be at home for an extended period of time.
Are students with mental health issues considered for the same services as students with physical medical needs?
Yes, students with mental health issues are eligible for the same services as students with physical health problems (or ….with physical impairments/needs). The student is evaluated and services are based upon informal assessments and assessments from psychological professionals.
What is an individualized education plan (IEP)?
An IEP is a plan that is created with a student’s specialized learning needs in mind. IEPs are created using guidelines set out by the federal government in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). An IEP is used to provide the student with accommodations and modifications to the school curriculum. Students must meet specific outlined eligibility criteria to receive services under IDEA.
What is a 504 Plan?
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act is a civil rights law. It allows public schools to provide accommodations so that students can have access to school activities and the curriculum. Students with a medical illness often qualify for accommodations under section 504, but a committee meets to determine eligibility.